By Stephen R. Schmidt
Not all stories are created equivalent. Our stories for a few very unprecedented occasions appear to stand out in our minds, and as such they could shape the very center of who we're. possibly you might have a shiny recollection of a fateful day, an unforgettable face, or a hilarious funny story. This booklet summarizes theories and knowledge that supply perception into those striking stories for unheard of occasions. The ebook starts off with a category scheme for unheard of occasions, through a theoretical assessment grounded in 4 metaphors of reminiscence. The class scheme and theoretical views are used to discover issues together with: flashbulb stories, the effect of emotion on reminiscence, the unusual imagery impression, the humor impact, the serial place influence, and the isolation influence. the realization presents a framework for realizing those striking stories for remarkable events.
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Now not all stories are created equivalent. Our stories for a few very unparalleled occasions appear to stand out in our minds, and as such they might shape the very middle of who we're. probably you may have a brilliant recollection of a fateful day, an unforgettable face, or a hilarious shaggy dog story. This e-book summarizes theories and knowledge that supply perception into those striking stories for extraordinary occasions.
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Additional info for Extraordinary Memories for Exceptional Events
Neuroendocrine responses to stressful stimuli and amygdala activation describe specific ways in which the information processing of memories are implemented in the human nervous system. Alternatively, perhaps you are interested in how memories for formative experiences influence the development of an individual’s personality, identity, or sense of well-being.
I will let my own work serve as an instructive example of the theoretical consequences of an unintentional mixing of metaphors. In my 1991 paper, I described the incongruity hypothesis as an explanation for the Metaphors and Foundations 39 effects of distinctiveness on memory (Schmidt, 1991). I devoted much of that paper to reviewing the large body of research concerning distinctiveness, and much of that research will be reviewed again in the following pages. However, I also attempted to provide a new theory to explain the wide range of phenomena under the distinctiveness umbrella.
The isolated words were recalled more often than words from the same position in control lists. The isolates also led to a positive ERP approximately 300 milliseconds following the word, a phenomenon referred to as the P300 Metaphors and Foundations 35 response. In addition, recalled words had larger amplitude P300s than words that were not recalled. Orientation, as measured by the P300, was thus associated with good memory performance. The relation between the P300 and memory is a bit more complex than the aforementioned description indicates.