Economics of the Family and Family Policies by Christina Jonung, Inga Persson

By Christina Jonung, Inga Persson

Monetary research of the relatives is a contemporary, yet already good proven sector in economics. This publication bears facts to the vigorous and suitable learn within the quarter. Essays during this accomplished assortment offer a transparent photo of the cutting-edge of economics of the kinfolk and discover theoretical and empirical purposes. The participants extra examine tax, public baby care and parental depart regulations when it comes to the incentives they convey for labour offer, time allocation, human capital accumulation and the alternative of ways to arrange baby care. This quantity additionally attracts on event from the Nordic nations, well known for his or her event with kin and gender equality regulations.

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If the achievement of a Pareto-optimal outcome depends upon such factors as the stability of the marital environment and the quality of information possessed by husband and wife, then we may be able to analyze the role of marital and other societal institutions in promoting efficient marriage (as well as affecting distribution between husbands and wives), at least in the short run. These institutional factors could include the role of older generations in arranging marriages and regulating marital behavior, restrictions on the economic behavior of married women, the costs of leaving a marriage, and the social and legal treatment of domestic violence.

The most provocative of this empirical work demonstrates a strong positive association between child well-being and the mother’s relative control over family resources, and has raised new questions about the potential effectiveness of policies “targeted” to specific family members. A current snapshot of family economics would show the traditional framework under siege on both theoretical and empirical fronts. The political potency of gender issues has given a certain urgency to the development of alternatives to common preference models.

The existence of multiple equilibria, some of which are Pareto-optimal and some of which are not, suggests that we consider factors omitted from the formal model to explain the patterns of marital behavior and gender allocations that develop in any particular society. The behavior of any particular couple may be directed towards a focal point equilibrium that conforms with the behavior of those around them and is consistent with socially sanctioned gender roles. Viewed as the outcome of a repeated game in a social context, the Pareto-optimality of distribution within marriage must be investigated and analyzed, not simply assumed.

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