Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Committee on the Science of Climate Change

The warming of the Earth has been the topic of severe debate and obstacle for plenty of scientists, policy-makers, and electorate for a minimum of the prior decade. weather switch technology: An research of a few Key Questions, a brand new record by means of a committee of the nationwide examine Council, characterizes the worldwide warming pattern during the last a hundred years, and examines what might be in shop for the twenty first century and the level to which warming should be because of human task.

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Guidance for the second issue can be derived from assessments of the impacts of climate change. A variety of measurements demonstrate that CO2 has varied substantially during Earth’s history, reaching levels between three and nine times pre-industrial levels of carbon dioxide prior to 50 million years ago. During the periods of hypothesized high carbon dioxide concentrations, there are strong indicators of warmth (although many different factors have contributed to climate change during Earth’s history).

Wallace is a professor of atmospheric sciences and co-director of the University of Washington Program on the Environment. From 1981-98 he served as director of the (University of Washington/NOAA) Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and the Ocean. His research specialties include the study of atmospheric general circulation, El Niño, and global climate. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences; a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Geophysical Union (AGU), and the American Meteorological Society (AMS); and the recipient of the Rossby medal of the AMS and Revelle medal of the AGU.

S. 2 The National Assessment directly addresses the importance of climate change of various magnitudes by considering climate scenarios from two wellregarded models (the Hadley model of the United Kingdom and the Canadian Climate Model). 9°F), respectively) by the year 2100. S. society is likely to be able to adapt to most of the climate change impacts on human systems, but these adaptations may come with substantial cost. The primary conclusions from these reports are summarized for agriculture and forestry, water, human health, and coastal regions.

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