Classical Indian Philosophy Reinterpreted by Victoria Lysenko, Michel Hulin

By Victoria Lysenko, Michel Hulin

Classical Indian Philosophy Reinterpreted includes articles written via Victoria Lysenko and Michel Hulin distinctive students of foreign reputation on a few easy techniques of classical Indian philosophy similar to paramanu (atoms), samanya (universal), ahamkara (ego principle), and karma. those essays handle very important debates and concerns that experience arisen centering round Indian philosophical texts. In an essay an test has been made to solve the obvious contradiction among the mental and cosmic facets of tattva within the scheme of the Samkhya dualism. one of many significant contributions of this quantity is composed in situating Indian suggestions from a comparative standpoint besides. A comparative account of Aristotle's capability (Mesotes) and Buddha's center direction (Majjihima Patipada) is illuminating. The inspiration of Christian reincarnation has additionally been in comparison and contrasted with the Indian proposal of karma. The karmic precept has been interpreted as a mechanism for retribution and the hyperlink among karmic causality and the function of Ayurveda, the classical Indian technological know-how of medication, has been explored and analysed. those essays proportion a typical standpoint in taking a look at philosophy from in the cultural traditions during which it grows. This publication can be important to researchers, academicians and different folks. Even a reader who's no longer accustomed to classical Indian philosophical texts can shape a few inspiration concerning the rigour and thoroughness of Indian philosophical technique.

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In India, the idea of the atom never became either scientific theory, or a prototype of the social individualism. Through the adrsta it was always connected 26 Classical Indian Philosophy Reinterpreted with the specifically Indian view of the universe as a place where living beings are involved in the incessant trial of reincarnation (sathsara) and where their actual individuality is far from being single and unique, as many other ones will follow in future existences. At the same time due to the concept of adrstas Indian atomism — in much more degree than the Greek one — may serve as an example of the real confluence of physical and ethical orders (the idea of dharma).

Are we dealing here with a kind of Pythagorean ontology of numbers, which endows them with the capacity to produce things? What we can say with a certain certitude is that the number three is associated in the VaiSesika's thought with the minimal plurality (bahutva) and 22 Classical Indian Philosophy Reinterpreted what is even more important — with the possibility of perception. We begin to see things starting with the triads composing of three dyads. The favourite Vaisesika's natural example of triad is tresarenu — a mote of dust moving in a sun-beam.

That same awkwardness is still more perceptible in Gaudapada's commentary on k. 30 : "Thus, a person going along a road perceives an object at a distance, and is in doubt whether it is a post or a man: he then sees some characteristic mark, like a bird perching over it, and then in his mind . . 7" Obviously, Gaudapada does not know what to do 5. The Tattva-Kaumudi, tr. Ganganath Jha, Poona Oriental Series 10, 1965, p. 106. 6. The Tattva-Kaumudi op. cit, p. 116. 7. The Samkhyakarika of Isvarakrsna with the commentary of Gaudapada, tr.

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